PENCAK SILAT COMPETITION
Adapted from Notosuyitno in 'Miscellaneous Pencak Silat'
Pencak Silat competition is one of the means to perpepuate, develop and
socialize pencak silat and to increase the image of pencak silat.
Viewed from its development history, there are two kinds of pencak silat
competition systems, that is traditional competition systems and modern
The traditional competition system is arranged to testify pencak silat
skill among the members of a same school (perguruan). Basically
it is a competition of self-defensive pencak silat in the form of play.
The players have to catch and prevent the catching of objects such as
head-cloths, rimless caps, or the sarong around the shoulders or hip,
or the flower put in the button on the body of the opponent. Those who
can catch these objects from their opponents' body are the winners. The
competition is led by a referee and evaluated by jurors.
In the modern competition system, its rule determines the winner according
to the scores of attacking and defending as well as the presentation of
pencak silat movements, as evaluated by the jurors. There are two kinds
of modern competition,that is school (perguruan) competition and
IPSI competition, each of which has its own rule. In sport pencak silat
competition, IPSI rule compels the competitiors to wear body protector
in order to protect them from injures.
In the circle of PERSILAT and IPSI since 1996 there were four categories
of pencak silat competitions, that is 'wiralaga', 'wiragana', 'wirasanggha',
and 'wiraloka'.'Wiralaga' is meant for pencak silat sport competition
'wiragana', 'wirasanggha' and 'wiraloka' indicate pencak silat self-defense
and art competition.'Wiragana' for solo demonstrations, 'wirasanggha'
for couple demonstrations and 'wiraloka' for group demonstrations.
Since 1999, those names were changed into: 'wiralaga' became "tanding"
(fight), 'wirasanggha' became 'tunggal (solo demonstration of standard
jurus); 'wiragana' become 'ganda' (sparred); and 'wiraloka' became 'regu'
(group consisting of three performers).
The Competition Regulation of (Achievement) Sports Pencak Silat had been
changed accordingly and competitions are arranged in 4 catagories, that
is 'Tanding', 'Tunggal', 'Ganda', and 'Beregu' (Match, Single, Sparred
For international or wold scale, PERSILAT had determined five categories
of championship, that is world , regional, open, invitation, and special
World championships are the highest achievement arena and are organized
once every two years, while regional championships are organized every
year. Open championships are held for PERSILAT members who are interested
in participating, while invitation championships are only for PERSILAT
members that are invited to participate. The time and venue of open and
invitation championships are determined by the organizer. Special championships
can be arranged by an organization or body outside PERSILAT using PERSILAT
rule and legalized by PERSILAT.
Pencak Silat had been competed in South East Asia Games since 14 th SEA
Games held in Jakarta in 1987.
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